Astellas Pharma announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) to update the U.S. product labeling for XOSPATA® (gilteritinib) to include final analysis data from the ADMIRAL trial. The data demonstrated improvement in Overall Survival in those treated with gilteritinib monotherapy versus salvage chemotherapy in adult patients with relapsed (disease that has returned) or refractory (resistant to treatment) Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) with an FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) mutation.
"The ADMIRAL trial's Overall Survival (OS) findings are encouraging for patients and families impacted by relapsed/refractory FLT3 mutation-positive AML," said Alexander Perl, M.D., Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania. "The data underscore the importance of single-agent XOSPATA for this patient population that, until recently, had few remaining treatment options."
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Results from the ADMIRAL trial show the median OS for patients who received XOSPATA was 9.3 months compared to 5.6 months for patients who received salvage chemotherapy (Hazard Ratio = 0.64 (95% CI 0.49, 0.83), P=0.0004). The other co-primary endpoints of Complete Remission (CR)/Complete Remission with Partial Hematologic Recovery (CRh) in the XOSPATA arm at the interim analysis was 21% (95% CI: 14.5, 28.8).
The safety profile of XOSPATA is based on 319 patients with relapsed or refractory AML in three clinical trials (NCT02421939, NCT02014558, and NCT02181660). Fatal adverse reactions occurred in 2% of patients receiving XOSPATA. These included cardiac arrest (1%) and one case each of differentiation syndrome and pancreatitis. The most frequent (≥5%) nonhematological serious adverse reactions reported in patients were fever (13%), dyspnea (9%), renal impairment (8%), transaminase increased (6%) and noninfectious diarrhea (5%). The most frequent (≥5%) grade ≥3 nonhematological adverse reactions reported in patients were transaminase increased (21%), dyspnea (12%), hypotension (7%), mucositis (7%), myalgia/arthralgia (7%), and fatigue/malaise (6%).